Vaginitis: Types, Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention

Definition

“V@ginitis” is a medical term used to describe various disorders that cause infection or inflammation of the vagina.

Vulvovaginitis refers to inflammation of both the vagina and vulva (the external female genitals). These conditions can result from an infection caused by organisms such as bacteria, yeast, or viruses. In addition, irritations from chemicals in creams, sprays, or even clothing that are in contact with this area can result in vaginitis. In some cases, vaginitis results from organisms that are passed between S3xual partners and from vaginal dryness and lack of estrogen.

Epidemiology

V@ginitis is common in adult women and uncommon in prepubertal girls. Bacterial vaginosis accounts for 40-50% of vaginitis cases; vagin@l candidiasis, 20-25%; and trichomoniasis, 15-20%.

In US women of childbearing age, bacterial vaginosis is the most common vaginal infection. An estimated 7.4 million new cases of bacterial vaginosis occur each year. National data show that the prevalence is 29%. However, the rate varies in different subpopulations: it is 5-25% in college students and 12-61% in patients with STDs. In the United States, as many as 16% of pregnant women have bacterial vaginosis. 50-60% prevalence is found in female prison inmates and commercial S3x workers.

Eighty-five percent of those with bacterial vaginosis are asymptomatic. More than a billion dollars is estimated to be spent annually on both self-treatment and visits to a medical provider.

                          …READ HOW TO PERMANENTLY GET RID OF INFECTIONS

An estimated 3 million cases of trichomoniasis occur each year in the United States. The worldwide prevalence of trichomoniasis is 174 million; these cases account for 10-25% of all vaginal infections.

Age- and race-related demographics

All age groups are affected. The highest incidence is noted among young, s3xually active women. Vaginitis affects all races. The highest incidence of bacterial vaginosis is in blacks (23%), and the lowest is in Asians (6%). Prevalence increases with age among non-Hispanic black women. The incidence is 9% in whites and 16% in Hispanics.

Types

There are several types of vaginitis, depending on the cause.

The most common are:

Atrophic vaginitis: The endothelium, or lining of the vagina, gets thinner when estrogen levels decrease during the menopause, making it more prone to irritation and inflammation.

Bacterial vaginosis:

This results from an overgrowth of normal bacteria in the vagina. Patients usually have low levels of normal vaginal bacteria called lactobacilli.

Trichomonas vaginalis:

Sometimes referred to as trich, it is caused by a sexually transmitted, single-celled protozoan parasite, Trichomonas vaginalis. It may infect other parts of the urogenital tract, including the urethra, where urine leaves the body.

Candida albicans:

A yeast that causes a fungal infection, known as vagin@l thrush. Candida exists in small amounts in the gut and is normally kept in check by normal gut bacteria.

Risk factors

Factors that increase your risk of developing vaginitis include:

Hormonal changes, such as those associated with pregnancy, birth control pills or menopause

S3xual activity

Having a sexually transmitted infection

Medications, such as antibiotics and steroids

Use of spermicides for birth control

Uncontrolled diabetes

Use of hygiene products such as bubble bath, vaginal spray or vaginal deodorant

Douching

Wearing damp or tightfitting clothing

Using an intrauterine device (IUD) for birth control

Causes

The cause depends on what type of v@ginitis you have:

Bacterial vaginosis: This most common cause of v@ginitis results from a change of the normal bacteria found in your vagina, to overgrowth of one of several other organisms. Usually, bacteria normally found in the vagina (lactobacilli) are outnumbered by other bacteria (anaerobes) in your vagina. If anaerobic bacteria become too numerous, they upset the balance, causing bacterial vaginosis.

This type of v@ginitis seems to be linked to sexual intercourse especially if you have multiple sex partners or a new sex partner but it also occurs in women who aren’t sexually active.

Yeast infections:

These occur when there’s an overgrowth of a fungal organism usually C. Albicans in your vagina. C. Albicans also cause infections in other moist areas of your body, such as in your mouth (thrush), skin folds, and nail beds. The fungus can also cause diaper rash.

Trichomoniasis:

This common s3xually transmitted infection is caused by a microscopic, one-celled parasite called Trichomonas vaginalis. This organism spreads during s3xual int@rcourse with someone who has the infection.

In men, the organism usually infects the urinary tract, but often it causes no symptoms. In women, trichomoniasis typically infects the vagina and might cause symptoms. It also increases women’s risk of getting other sexually transmitted infections.

Noninfectious vaginitis:

Vaginal sprays, douches, perfumed soaps, scented detergents, and spermicidal products may cause an allergic reaction or irritate vulvar and vaginal tissues. Foreign objects, such as tissue paper or forgotten tampons, in the vagina, can also irritate vaginal tissues.

Genitourinary syndrome of menopause (vaginal atrophy): Reduced estrogen levels after menopause or surgical removal of your ovaries can cause the vaginal lining to thin, sometimes resulting in vaginal irritation, burning, and dryness.

Symptoms

Vaginitis signs and symptoms can include:

Change in color, odor or amount of discharge from your vagina

Vaginal itching or irritation

Pain during intercourse

Painful urination

Light vaginal bleeding or spotting

If you have vaginal discharge, which many women don’t, the characteristics of the discharge might indicate the type of vaginitis you have.

Examples include:

Bacterial vaginosis:

You might develop a grayish-white, foul-smelling discharge. The odor often described as a fishy odor, might be more obvious after sexual intercourse.

Yeast infection:

The main symptom is itching, but you might have a white, thick discharge that resembles cottage cheese.

Trichomoniasis:

An infection called trichomoniasis (trik-o-moe-NIE-uh-sis) can cause a greenish-yellow, sometimes frothy discharge.

Diagnosis and test

To diagnose vaginitis, your doctor is likely to:

Review your medical history:

This includes your history of vaginal or sexually transmitted infections.

Perform a pelvic exam:

During the pelvic exam, your doctor may use an instrument (speculum) to look inside your vagina for inflammation and abnormal discharge.

Collect a sample for lab testing: Your doctor might collect a sample of cervical or vaginal discharge for lab testing to confirm what kind of vaginitis you have.

Perform pH testing: Your doctor might test your vaginal pH by applying a pH test stick or pH paper to the wall of your vagina. An elevated pH can indicate either bacterial vaginosis or trichomoniasis. However, pH testing alone is not a reliable diagnostic test.

Prevention

The following best practices will help prevent vaginitis:

Good hygiene, using a mild soap without irritants or scents

Wear cotton underwear

Avoiding douching and irritating agents, found in hygiene sprays, soaps, and other feminine products.

Always wiping from front to back to avoid spreading bacteria from the anus to the vagina

Wearing loose clothing

Practicing safe sex

Use antibiotics only when necessary.

THANKS, FOR READING, KINDLY SHARE WITH ALL YOUR FRIENDS. ALSO, READ ABOUT GONORRHEA

2 comments on Vaginitis: Types, Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention

  1. Hamilton Ogiemwonyi says:

    The women folks, take note or you can recommend this to someone you think is having this issue also.

  2. Imam Muslimat says:

    Thanks 👌

Leave a Reply

Vaginitis: Types, Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention

Definition

“V@ginitis” is a medical term used to describe various disorders that cause infection or inflammation of the vagina.

Vulvovaginitis refers to inflammation of both the vagina and vulva (the external female genitals). These conditions can result from an infection caused by organisms such as bacteria, yeast, or viruses. In addition, irritations from chemicals in creams, sprays, or even clothing that are in contact with this area can result in vaginitis. In some cases, vaginitis results from organisms that are passed between S3xual partners and from vaginal dryness and lack of estrogen.

Epidemiology

V@ginitis is common in adult women and uncommon in prepubertal girls. Bacterial vaginosis accounts for 40-50% of vaginitis cases; vagin@l candidiasis, 20-25%; and trichomoniasis, 15-20%.

In US women of childbearing age, bacterial vaginosis is the most common vaginal infection. An estimated 7.4 million new cases of bacterial vaginosis occur each year. National data show that the prevalence is 29%. However, the rate varies in different subpopulations: it is 5-25% in college students and 12-61% in patients with STDs. In the United States, as many as 16% of pregnant women have bacterial vaginosis. 50-60% prevalence is found in female prison inmates and commercial S3x workers.

Eighty-five percent of those with bacterial vaginosis are asymptomatic. More than a billion dollars is estimated to be spent annually on both self-treatment and visits to a medical provider.

                          …READ HOW TO PERMANENTLY GET RID OF INFECTIONS

An estimated 3 million cases of trichomoniasis occur each year in the United States. The worldwide prevalence of trichomoniasis is 174 million; these cases account for 10-25% of all vaginal infections.

Age- and race-related demographics

All age groups are affected. The highest incidence is noted among young, s3xually active women. Vaginitis affects all races. The highest incidence of bacterial vaginosis is in blacks (23%), and the lowest is in Asians (6%). Prevalence increases with age among non-Hispanic black women. The incidence is 9% in whites and 16% in Hispanics.

Types

There are several types of vaginitis, depending on the cause.

The most common are:

Atrophic vaginitis: The endothelium, or lining of the vagina, gets thinner when estrogen levels decrease during the menopause, making it more prone to irritation and inflammation.

Bacterial vaginosis:

This results from an overgrowth of normal bacteria in the vagina. Patients usually have low levels of normal vaginal bacteria called lactobacilli.

Trichomonas vaginalis:

Sometimes referred to as trich, it is caused by a sexually transmitted, single-celled protozoan parasite, Trichomonas vaginalis. It may infect other parts of the urogenital tract, including the urethra, where urine leaves the body.

Candida albicans:

A yeast that causes a fungal infection, known as vagin@l thrush. Candida exists in small amounts in the gut and is normally kept in check by normal gut bacteria.

Risk factors

Factors that increase your risk of developing vaginitis include:

Hormonal changes, such as those associated with pregnancy, birth control pills or menopause

S3xual activity

Having a sexually transmitted infection

Medications, such as antibiotics and steroids

Use of spermicides for birth control

Uncontrolled diabetes

Use of hygiene products such as bubble bath, vaginal spray or vaginal deodorant

Douching

Wearing damp or tightfitting clothing

Using an intrauterine device (IUD) for birth control

Causes

The cause depends on what type of v@ginitis you have:

Bacterial vaginosis: This most common cause of v@ginitis results from a change of the normal bacteria found in your vagina, to overgrowth of one of several other organisms. Usually, bacteria normally found in the vagina (lactobacilli) are outnumbered by other bacteria (anaerobes) in your vagina. If anaerobic bacteria become too numerous, they upset the balance, causing bacterial vaginosis.

This type of v@ginitis seems to be linked to sexual intercourse especially if you have multiple sex partners or a new sex partner but it also occurs in women who aren’t sexually active.

Yeast infections:

These occur when there’s an overgrowth of a fungal organism usually C. Albicans in your vagina. C. Albicans also cause infections in other moist areas of your body, such as in your mouth (thrush), skin folds, and nail beds. The fungus can also cause diaper rash.

Trichomoniasis:

This common s3xually transmitted infection is caused by a microscopic, one-celled parasite called Trichomonas vaginalis. This organism spreads during s3xual int@rcourse with someone who has the infection.

In men, the organism usually infects the urinary tract, but often it causes no symptoms. In women, trichomoniasis typically infects the vagina and might cause symptoms. It also increases women’s risk of getting other sexually transmitted infections.

Noninfectious vaginitis:

Vaginal sprays, douches, perfumed soaps, scented detergents, and spermicidal products may cause an allergic reaction or irritate vulvar and vaginal tissues. Foreign objects, such as tissue paper or forgotten tampons, in the vagina, can also irritate vaginal tissues.

Genitourinary syndrome of menopause (vaginal atrophy): Reduced estrogen levels after menopause or surgical removal of your ovaries can cause the vaginal lining to thin, sometimes resulting in vaginal irritation, burning, and dryness.

Symptoms

Vaginitis signs and symptoms can include:

Change in color, odor or amount of discharge from your vagina

Vaginal itching or irritation

Pain during intercourse

Painful urination

Light vaginal bleeding or spotting

If you have vaginal discharge, which many women don’t, the characteristics of the discharge might indicate the type of vaginitis you have.

Examples include:

Bacterial vaginosis:

You might develop a grayish-white, foul-smelling discharge. The odor often described as a fishy odor, might be more obvious after sexual intercourse.

Yeast infection:

The main symptom is itching, but you might have a white, thick discharge that resembles cottage cheese.

Trichomoniasis:

An infection called trichomoniasis (trik-o-moe-NIE-uh-sis) can cause a greenish-yellow, sometimes frothy discharge.

Diagnosis and test

To diagnose vaginitis, your doctor is likely to:

Review your medical history:

This includes your history of vaginal or sexually transmitted infections.

Perform a pelvic exam:

During the pelvic exam, your doctor may use an instrument (speculum) to look inside your vagina for inflammation and abnormal discharge.

Collect a sample for lab testing: Your doctor might collect a sample of cervical or vaginal discharge for lab testing to confirm what kind of vaginitis you have.

Perform pH testing: Your doctor might test your vaginal pH by applying a pH test stick or pH paper to the wall of your vagina. An elevated pH can indicate either bacterial vaginosis or trichomoniasis. However, pH testing alone is not a reliable diagnostic test.

Prevention

The following best practices will help prevent vaginitis:

Good hygiene, using a mild soap without irritants or scents

Wear cotton underwear

Avoiding douching and irritating agents, found in hygiene sprays, soaps, and other feminine products.

Always wiping from front to back to avoid spreading bacteria from the anus to the vagina

Wearing loose clothing

Practicing safe sex

Use antibiotics only when necessary.

THANKS, FOR READING, KINDLY SHARE WITH ALL YOUR FRIENDS. ALSO, READ ABOUT GONORRHEA

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